Madrid: Ministerio de Fomento / Hernandez (Printers), 1881. Published 1881-1897. Hardcover. All four volumes: Decorative blue cloth/boards; gilt lettering on spine. Vol. I: CLIV, 216, CLIX pp. with 1 color map, double, and 1 bw map, double; Vol. II: XLIX, , 242, CLVIII pp. with no illustrations; Vol. III: XL, 276, CLXXV pp. with no illustrations; Vol. IV: , 45, , CCXLIII pp. with no illustrations. No dust jackets to any volume. Heavy at 15 pounds and will require extra postage. Contents of all volumes clean and tight. Pages of Vol. IV are somewhat age-toned. Some pages of Vol. III are occasionally age-toned or foxed. All covers are worn to varying degrees; faded at spines and top/bottom edges. Bottom quarter of Vol. IV missing as is top quarter of Vol. I. Still a solid set. Would be worthy of being rebound. Item #162328
Text in Spanish. Initiated for the International Congress of Americanists gathered in Madrid in 1881. "Relaciones geográficas were a series of elaborate questionnaires distributed to the lands of King Philip II of Spain in the Viceroyalty of New Spain in North America. They were done so, upon his command, from 1579—1585. This was a direct response to the reforms imposed by the Ordenanzas, ordnances, of 1573. These questionnaires had upward of fifty questions that requested information on various aspects of the Spanish colonial life in each region or major town, in order to govern it more effectively. Thus, these questionnaires had more of an administrative and functional purpose as opposed to intellectual gain. These questionnaires are often times considered the first statistical study of the New World, since they attempted to chart the lands, peoples, and trade routes. The value of these questionnaires continues to grow over time due to these surveys being first-person information. These extensive questionnaires have provided incredibly rich information with regard to 16th century ethnic groups in Mesoamerica. These questionnaires included questions regarding politics, taxes paid, the natural environment and resources, population history, settlement patterns, the language, markets and trade, native history and customs, maps, and the progress of the “missionization” program. These maps were created by indigenous people, sailors, local officials, and other individuals in New Spain. Some of these maps that were requested were often commissioned by artists and have now been linked to the Casta paintings of the period. These surveys were reported back to Spain’s King Phillip II and allowed the Spanish monarchy to have better control over the people and the politics in New Spain. However, not all major cities and regions are accounted for because not all local officials returned the questionnaire or perhaps their response did not survive. Along with this, since all people were allowed to send in a map it showed the bias of each social class and represented common issues of the time. Nevertheless, this scientific process of data collection and statistics essentially built a bridge between two continents." - from Wikipedia.
Price: $500.00 save 10% $450.00